Ornamental Fish Cultivation, Profitable Practical Business One of the businesses that has survived decades ago is ornamental fish cultivation. As if this business is never empty of enthusiasts, it has increased from year to year. By doing cultivation, ornamental fish lovers not only enjoy the beauty of fish but are also able to reap many benefits.
For ornamental fish lovers, they are willing to spend a lot of money to bring home their favorite fish. Indeed, watching ornamental fish with unique patterns waddling in the aquarium is a joy in itself. Coupled with pride if able to breed these fish.
For those of you who like to keep ornamental fish, there's nothing wrong with making this hobby a field that generates money. To run a freshwater fish farming business, you don't need to need a large capital, depending on the type of ornamental fish you want to cultivate. Of course, you have to be armed with the skills and knowledge of how to cultivate it.
On the article Management Journal this time will discuss various things about ornamental fish cultivation. The discussion includes various factors that must be considered in the cultivation of ornamental fish and the correct way of cultivation, especially if using an aquarium. For more, let's see the following discussion:
Important Factors for Cultivating Ornamental Fish Well and Correctly
In order to get maximum results, you must first learn the right way to cultivate ornamental fish. Therefore, do not hesitate to gain knowledge by reading books, looking for references on the internet, or observing directly from business people who have successfully cultivated various types of ornamental fish. The knowledge you gain can be applied directly.
Basically, each ornamental fish has its own character so you need to study in depth about the cultivation method. For example, Lou Han ornamental fish certainly have different needs and maintenance methods from goldfish. Therefore, it is important for you to understand the right way of cultivation for the right type of fish.
Nevertheless, there are some basic capital that you need to know. The basic capital is general knowledge about how to ornamental fish farming properly and correctly. Here are some general things you need to pay attention to, regardless of the type of ornamental fish you want to cultivate:
The container is the most basic thing for those of you who want to run a fish farming business, including ornamental fish. The containers commonly used are aquariums, cement ponds, and tarpaulin ponds. Or, you can also use a tub with fiberglass material. You can adjust the selection of containers according to your budget, location, and type of fish. Most importantly, make sure the container is completely safe and does not leak.
In addition, the criteria for the maintenance container also need to be considered. Some types of fish require a running water system, while others thrive in stagnant water. Therefore, make sure you really know the needs of the ornamental fish you want to develop.
Containers for keeping fish are also divided into several types, such as containers for brooders, spawning containers, egg hatching containers, nursery containers, enlargement containers, and storage containers. Make sure each container meets the required criteria so that the fish can thrive.
The environmental factor of the pond or container is also important to consider when you run a cultivation business freshwater ornamental fish. The environment relates to water, pH, temperature, oxygen content, and brightness. Each ornamental fish needs a different environment to live well. Thus, you also have to know the character of each ornamental fish in detail to the temperature and oxygen requirements.
For fish to thrive, make sure the water you use does not contain chemicals such as chlorine or purifiers. Tap water usually contains chemicals that may interfere with fish growth. The type of good water is ground water or river water that is still clean. for temperature, ideally the water temperature ranges from 24 to 30 degrees Celsius.
The acidity level or ideal pH for ornamental fish generally ranges from 6-7, with dissolved oxygen >3 ppm. While the appropriate water brightness is in the range of 30 to 60 cm. To get water that is suitable and safe, it's a good idea to settle for 12-24 hours before use. To adjust the pH, you can use bordo lime to taste.
As the days go by, the water quality can decline. This is caused by leftover feed, fish manure, and various other external factors. Therefore, you will need a water purifier to ensure that the water remains suitable for fish. How to cultivate ornamental fish in this aquarium must be learned so that you can install it properly in a fish rearing container.
Please note that the feed for ornamental fish consists of two kinds, namely natural feed and artificial feed. Natural food is quite diverse depending on the type of fish, such as water fleas, infusoria, mosquito larvae, silk worms, small fish, to insects and frogs. You can use natural feeds to improve fish health because they are high in protein.
Meanwhile, artificial feed is usually in the form of pellets and is quite easy to give. You must pay attention to the dosage of pellets so that the ornamental fish are not full, causing health problems. Artificial feed usually has a high protein content so that it is useful for supporting fish growth.
Comet Ornamental Fish Cultivation in the Aquarium
Comet fish is one type of ornamental fish that is being loved by ornamental fish lovers. At first glance, this fish has a shape that is quite similar to a goldfish. Naturally, comet fish are still in the same family as ornamental fish. The beauty of the pattern and the agile movement make the comet much favored by fish lovers.
Given its rising popularity, you can take advantage of it as a lucrative business opportunity. Basically, comet fish is a type of ornamental fish that is commonly kept in aquariums. This container allows you to perform maintenance more intensively. To cultivate comet ornamental fish, here are the ways that you should pay attention to:
When deciding to run comet fish farming, you must first choose healthy and quality brooders. The selection of broodstock is an important stage because it is related to the quality of the chicks that will be produced. To get a good and quality broodstock, you must know its characteristics.
The male parent that is ready usually has the characteristics of having rough textured round spots on the fins. You can also massage the abdomen around the genital area. If the area is pressed and then a white liquid appears, it means that the male parent is ready for fertilization.
Meanwhile, the ready female brood usually has spots on the fins. If you feel the abdomen, it will feel soft and the genital hole is slightly reddish. Quality male and female brooders are at least 8 months old, not disabled, move agile, and do not get sick.
First you need to prepare the container for the spawning process. When the aquarium is ready, you must transfer the male and female brooders to the prepared containers. Enter one male parent with 2 females so that more eggs are produced. After the spawning process is complete, you will see fish eggs attached to the prepared media.
Larval and chick rearing
After going through the spawning process, you need to pay special attention so that the eggs can hatch perfectly. Usually the eggs will hatch in 2-3 days. Enter a special natural feed for larvae and do water changes regularly. When the larvae are 15 days old, you can start adding additional supplements in the form of artificial feed.
After the fish is 1 month old, you can provide feed in the form of breadcrumbs, pellets, to meniran. Give enough so that the rest of the feed does not quickly contaminate the water. Pay attention to the health of your fish until it is ready to harvest. If you see sick fish, separate them immediately so they don't spread to other fish.
Cultivating Chef's Ornamental Fish Correctly
Goldfish have long been chosen as home ornamental fish. This fish has a variety of patterns with agile movements so that it is fun to look at. What's more, this type of ornamental fish is relatively easy to care for. For those of you who are interested in cultivating goldfish, there is no need to spend a lot of time on maintenance.
The goldfish cultivation business opportunity is still wide open. With many enthusiasts of this ornamental fish, the harvest is not too difficult to market. If you want to run a goldfish farming business, pay attention to the following important things so that your pet fish grow healthily.
For goldfish, you can prepare an aquarium with a size of 80 x 40 x 40 cm. This is the ideal size for goldfish so that the treatment process is not difficult and can be done intensely. In addition, the use of an aquarium also makes it easier for you to control the quality of the water.
After setting up your aquarium, you will need to choose the type of goldfish you want to raise. For starters, choose only one type so you can focus more on maintenance. If you are already proficient, then you can add varieties to be cultivated.
In addition to choosing the type of fish, you also have to determine the male and female breeders. The male goldfish broodstock has a slender body with white spots on the front fin. While the shape of the rectum tends to be flat and oval.
Meanwhile, female sires have a more rounded body shape and do not have white spots on the fins. The anal shape of female breeders tends to be prominent and round. Choose healthy brooders, free from defects, and agile to produce quality tillers.
For the spawning process, enter the male and female brooders in the aquarium that has been prepared. Enter a male goldfish with two female broodstock. After the male fertilizes the egg, remove the brood and the egg will drip,
The eggs will hatch between 2-4 days after fertilization. Newly hatched fish have food reserves in the form of a yellow bulge on the abdomen. After the food reserves are depleted, you can feed it with boiled egg yolks. Take care and replace fish until harvest time arrives.
Guppy Ornamental Fish Cultivation for Beginners
Guppies are also one of the most popular types of ornamental fish lovers. This fish has beautiful fins with various patterns. For those of you who do not have a large space, guppy fish farming can be the right solution for running a fish farming business. Pay attention to the following so that the cultured fish can develop optimally:
The first stage is preparation, where you have to prepare several aquarium containers with a height of 30 cm. These containers are used for spawning, hatching, and rearing. Included in the preparation stage is the selection of quality brooders.
After preparing the container and selecting the broodstock, the process that must be carried out is spawning. Based on ornamental fish cultivation papers, one male can fertilize up to five females in one aquarium.
Hatching and maintenance
After approximately 14 days, the female sires will show the characteristics of being pregnant. In one spawning, female sires can produce up to 100 chicks. After birth, immediately separate the mother from the chicks so they are not eaten. Fish chicks can be fed infusoria until they are 20 days old, then continue with silkworms.